The tennis racket is a sports equipment, consisting of a series of rigid cords, usually nylon, anchored to a frame. Initially the structure was made of wood, then the technological evolution has allowed the use of lighter materials such as alloys and polymers. Read the guide to know the characteristics, types, sizes, tips to avoid tennis elbow and how to choose the model best suited to your style of play.
Tennis Racket – Features
Tennis has ancient origins and it seems to derive from a similar game practiced at the time of the Romans and the Byzantines from the Latin name trigonalis stack. The tennis racket, however, makes its debut in the sixteenth century: until then, in fact, played ball games (archaic version of tennis) with bare hands, which are protected by a specific glove. From its inception until the eighties of the twentieth century, the tennis racket was a wooden frame.
The rigidity and also the discrete weight of the instrument, presupposed a high technical preparation of the players, if you wanted to get the win. A couple of decades ago, however, he began to experiment with new materials such as metal alloys. Lighter than wood, but they were the lack of vibrate strongly after each throw decreasing the comfort of the athlete, especially not negligible especially in competitive tennis.
Now all shoes are manufactured in carbon or polymer alloys. Ultra-light, the stringbed uniform, are also suitable for those athletes not particularly perfect from the technical point of view as these new generation shoes hold up well also have an impact not perfect with the ball and then not lead to serious errors in the revival path. Today there are many models on the market that differ in material and configuration.
In principle, anyone who plays occasionally needs comfort and handling, and then choose rackets aluminum; those who play on a regular basis but still has a motion of the short arm and the controlled speed, needs a racket which allows power and efficiency; who has a frequency of intensive game, a movement of the arm medium or large and rapid speed of the arm needs a racket which ensures precision and control, so yes to those rigid fine fibers or alternative materials such as Thermolon. Here are all the specifications for a good buy.
Comfort and ball control are two other aspects that should not be underestimated when buying a tennis racket.Comfort is the ability of the racket will not transmit vibrations to the arm of the player at the time of the strike. Shoe built with composite materials absorb more vibration as well as proportionate to the hand grip tennis, a ropes course very large and a soft frame.
“Control of the ball” it is easy to place the ball where you want the racket. Rigid shoe allow better control and consequently a greater perfection of fire. Finally, a factor that may determine the purchase of the racket, especially for those with experience, is the profile. A racquet so-called “profiled” ie that does not have the same profile over the entire surface, has a rigidity greater than 15% to not rackets profiled with great advantage of the casting power and control of the ball.
Tennis Racket – Materials
Aluminum, glass fiber, carbon fiber, graphite fiber and so-called “higher” are the materials used today for the manufacture of the frame of tennis rackets. Each of these materials has different characteristics that you’ll always know epr be able to buy a product that is functional, even on the basis of their technical and use to which they plan to do. We see the various materials:
- Aluminum : An aluminum frame does not allow a good control of the ball and is subject to vibrations, however, thanks to the low cost can be a good material for rackets beginners and children.
- Fiberglass : Lightweight and economical has only one drawback: does not allow the ball to get to speed, so it is not recommended for those players already good level or playing in racing.
- Carbon Fiber : This material gives rise to a racquet relaxed, but very light. The difficult control of the ball is offset by a good performance. In addition to the carbon fiber can be found in graphite frames: this is pure carbon fiber.Very rigid, however, has a shorter duration.
- Ceramic, boron, kevlar : fibers are the so-called higher quality: increase the stiffness of the racquet to absorb vibrations and shock-resistant. But they are very expensive.
- Thermolon : It ‘a new cutting-edge material that allows the racket to “transform” according to use: if you hit stronger it becomes hard if you hit level becomes soft. This material allows a good compromise between all the features that we have listed: flexibility, power, ball control and rigidity.
Another element that often we tend to overlook is the measure of the handle: There are three sizes: size 2 is suitable for children and women and the three men, and the four men of strong build and very high.
How to choose Tennis Racket
To choose the right tennis racket, it is important to know the technical specifications of different models. The most reputable manufacturers put on the market a dozen models a year, and each of these companies will be able to provide a suitable tool to meet your needs. If you are a professional you can choose rackets tournament, more accurate and heavier than those for beginners and amateurs are available for specific models. A system that helps in the selection of the racket is the Racquet Navigator . It is a system that assigns a numeric code to six numbers to each racket based on the characteristics of the frame. Among the variables considered by this system there are the length of the frame, the size of the string and the type of movement. Once you’ve identified these, you will be able to eliminate most of the options available.
The type of movement, also known as Style Swing, is the opening of the arm, then the amplitude of the movement that takes place when it strikes the ball. This is one of the most important factors in choosing the right tennis racket. In the case of a large and fast movement, it is appropriate to choose a racquet frame by a weight exceeding 310 grams. Despite the rather high weight, thanks to the balancing moved towards the heart, the cabinet is still manageable. The flat ropes of small size makes it essential to hit the ball in Sweetspot (the impact zone of the ideal flat ropes). Who uses this racquet to hit the ball in a rather strong. For all these features, this is a great racquet for professionals.
However, if your type of movement is average, you need a racquet that will guarantee you a good control and good power . Then choose a racquet handle, with a slightly larger sweetspot, which make it easier to hit the ball in the correct manner. This type of racquet offers an average balance, a weight not exceeding 300 grams and is suitable for most players. Finally, if your move is quick or slow, you need a powerful frame . It is a characteristic movement of the players still little experts, who need a lightweight frame with sweetspot large, so that it is easier to hit the ball in the correct manner. The balance moved towards the head of the frame allows to obtain more power and to send the ball in depth without great efforts.
With regard to the length of the frame, remember that the longer racquets that offer more power in the service but less control. Their choice will make it easier to hit the ball far.